Side Effects

Antibiotics are powerful medications that are indicated for treating bacterial infections. These drugs work either by killing bacteria or preventing their multiplication.

Antibiotics are not effective against the infections provoked by viruses including

  • colds
  • flu
  • coughs
  • bronchitis
  • and sore throats.

Antibiotics are created to save our life by fighting dangerous bacteria, but these drugs must be used properly, otherwise they might bring more harm than benefits. Be aware of the fact that each time you use antibiotics, you increase the risk of becoming your bacteria resistant to them which will make it more difficult to treat infections in future.

Antibiotics should be used as it is recommended by the medical professional. It is important to take antibiotic medications unless you complete your course of treatment.  Even if your condition becomes better before the recommended course of treatment is completed, continue the use of your drug. If you stop using antibiotics earlier, the bacteria may be not completely treated. This might result in becoming your bacteria resistant to the antibiotic.

There are over 100 antibiotics these days, nevertheless, all of them are divided just into a few types.   The following are the main classes of antibiotic medications: penicillins, macrolides, fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines,  sulfonamides, and aminoglycosides.

The majority of antibiotic medications have two names – the brand name, created by the pharmaceutical company that produces the medication, and a generic name related to the antibiotic’s chemical structure or chemical class.

Each antibiotic medication effectively treats only certain types of infections.  So, an antibiotic medication is prescribed for a certain medical condition.

It is very important that your antibiotic is prescribed by the medical professional taking into the consideration your personal needs.

Antibiotic medication should be used following the doctor’s recommendations carefully. An improper use of the antibiotics might affect their effectiveness.

Besides, antibiotics should also be used correctly.

Antibiotic medications are typically associated with a number of side effects.

The examples of the most common adverse effects are:

  • diarrhea
  • and mild stomach upset.

The following adverse effects require a medical attention:

  • vomiting
  • severe watery diarrhea
  • abdominal cramps
  • an allergic reaction
  • white patches inside the mouth
  • or vaginal itching or discharge.

A number of people are allergic to some antibiotics, particularly to penicillin. If you are not sure that certain antibiotic is safe for you, you might be recommended to have a laboratory test to define if you are allergic to certain antibiotic medication.

The following are the most typical signs of allergic reactions:

  • difficult breathing
  • hives
  • rash
  • swelling of the lips, face or tongue
  • and fainting.

Antibiotics are likely to have interactions with other medications. That is why it is important to tell your medical provider about other medications you are currently using before starting the use of any antibiotic.

One of the most important problems in present-day medicine is antibiotic resistance. If you use an antibiotic longer than it is needed, bacteria can become resistant so that it cannot be killed by this antibiotic. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria pose the risk of life-threatening infections that cannot be treated with the help of antibiotics.