Antibiotics

 

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Antibiotics come to our life for deliverance from infections tortured humanity thousand years. But after appearance new powerful medicines it became “weapons of mass annihilation, killing all alive”.

Scientific discussion about antibiotics in full swing and we now would like to know what antibacterial therapy help organism overcome illness injure minimum of harm. People familiar with this group of medicines for a long time, but this didn’t bar to irrational using of medicines.

Doctors plaid with us a mean joke when prescribe us antibiotics at any case when find any type of infections. Of course they do it to treat us faster and more efficiently. The estimates given in American statistics show, which in every second occasion taking antibiotics is unreasonable or taking without prescription.

The results of such attitude to antibiotics are well known. Antibiotics suppress not only pathogenic, but also healthy microflora of digestive tract that lead to disbacteriosis appearance. Because you know, disturbed balance in microorganism’s medium lead to weakening the immunity.

Especially, it specific for antibiotics broad spectrum of activity. In addition, morbiferous microbe is found uncommonly of great vitality. In the process of perfection medicines was find out, that medicine kill only sensing at it bacterium.

The strongest of them survive, though in the cells take place mutation. As a result, every day army of super microbe is increasing, stable to antibiotics. This fact stimulates the scientist to invent new medicines. American medics decided to limit severe mass liking for antibiotics.

For not a long time doctors didn’t prescribe this mediсines with such complaint as rhinitis, ARD, gastrointestinal disturbance. If it can’t go without antibacterial therapy the doctor priscribe minimal dose of drugs. The course of therapy they try to restrict days of using drugs (3-4 days). At present exist a hundred of medicinal agents, having selective action on causative agent.

 

In medical literature term „antibiotic” very often is use regarding all antibacterial drugs. But antibiotics are the medicines on basis of substances produces by microorganisms or received with semi synthetic method. Active components of this drugs invoke destruction or stop growth morbific microbse, bacteria and some protozoan.

Types of antibiotics

When the doctor prescribe you antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. It is very important use it limited time and stop use your medicine even if you feel better. Do not save antibiotics for later or use someone else’s prescription.

Although there are well over 100 antibiotics, the majority come from only a few types of drugs. These are the main classes of antibiotics.

  • Penicillins such as penicillin andamoxicillin
  • Cephalosporins such as cephalexin
  • Macrolides such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin
  • Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and ofloxacin
  • Sulfonamides such as co-trimoxazole and trimethoprim
  • Tetracyclines such as tetracycline and doxycycline
  • Aminoglycosides such as gentamicin and tobramycin

Don’t mix up antibiotics with synthetic antibacterial medicines, that differ from they with mechanism of influence upon organism in whole. Well-known medicines are biseptol, intramural, metronidazolum, pipemidic acid, and nitroxoline at all not antibiotics.

Treating infectious disease

Antibiotics powerless against some other infectious illness. Because the most types of cold and ARD have virus influenza, that why absolutely unreasonably try to fight against it with antibiotics (for example ampicillin, erythromycin).

Antibiotics couldn’t fight against fungus, helminthes that provoke infectious illness. At some chronic infection, for example pyelonephritis, doctors prescribes antibiotics only in the periods of worsening. At a later date usually used synthetic antibacterial medicines and physiotherapy

Baseless consider treatment acne with antibiotics. Antinfection chemotherapy in dermatology must be applyed only as a last resort. Always exist alternative this type of treatment- natural anti-inflammatory medicines. Totally it is not desirable to prescribe antibiotics for bowels disbacteriosis treatment. Such kind of treatment influence on normal microflora. Sphere of antibiotics action are fast progressing infection or bacterial infection of vital part.

It can’t go without antibiotics if we told about life and death. Being concerned about harm from antibiotics many people ignore medicines prescribed by doctor even in grave condition. Realy some could cause side effect. But some times we can use other medicines parallel with antibiotics in the capacity of protection. For example, antihistaminic medicines let substantially lower risk of allergy.

Antibiotics irreplaceable with acrid progress of quinsy and pneumonia, as wel with infectious disease, that become localized in closed cavity (otitus, antritis, osteomyelitis, abscess, phlegmon). Very often doctors priscribe antibiotics after surgical operation. Without antitiotics treatment quite often evolve serious complication. For example, if pneumonia or antritis treatment pass without this medicines, it is possible to appear chronic low-intensity disease.

Exists a lot of chronic low-intensity disease, that lower people quality of life, but treats only with antibiotics. This is microplasmous infections of lungs, clamidiosis and other urogenital infections. Prescribing antibiotic the doctor must appraise indication and contra-indication. If antibiotic help patients once, it didn’t means that we could successfully use with other illness. Curiously enough that causative agent of a disease with the same symptoms could be very resembling. As well all bacteria has different sensitivity to different antibiotics. Suppose, that patient recover from pneumonia with penicillin, it didn’t means that cough can be treated with the same antibiotic.

Administration antibiotics with other medicines

Well known antibiotics as (penicillins, cephalosporins) can stop the contraceptive pill from working properly. If you have side effect while taking an antibiotic, your contraceptive pill might not be properly absorbed into your body. If you experience either while you’re taking antibiotics, you should use additional contraception.

There are a number of important things in administration between antibiotics and other medicines. So it’s important to define with your doctor or pharmacist before you take any other medicines or herbal remedies at the same time as taking antibiotics.